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Journal Articles Environmental Science and Pollution Research Year : 2017

Income-environment relationship in Sub-Saharan African countries: Further evidence with trade openness

Abstract

This paper examines the dynamic relationship between energy consumption, income growth, carbon emissions and trade openness in fourteen Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to cointegration and the Toda-Yamamoto causality test were used to investigate the long-run and short-run properties, respectively. The long-run estimations give evidence against the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis in SSA countries. In contrast, the results highlight the significant and monotonically contribution of income growth and energy consumption in explaining carbon emissions in the long-run and short-run in several countries. Furthermore, the results show that trade openness enhances economic growth and is not linked to causing carbon emissions in these countries. Hence, a trade incentive policy may be implemented without harmful effect on the quality of the environment.
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Dates and versions

hal-03764196 , version 1 (30-08-2022)

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Eléazar Zerbo. Income-environment relationship in Sub-Saharan African countries: Further evidence with trade openness. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2017, 24 (19), pp.16488-16502. ⟨10.1007/s11356-017-9303-z⟩. ⟨hal-03764196⟩
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