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Journal Articles Atten Percept Psychophys Year : 2018

Effect of contextual knowledge on spatial layout extrapolation

Abstract

Boundary extension (BE) refers to the tendency to remember a previously perceived scene with a greater spatial expanse. This phenomenon is described as resulting from different sources of information: external (i.e., visual) and internally driven (i.e., amodal, conceptual, and contextual) information. Although the literature has emphasized the role of top-down expectations to account for layout extrapolation, their effect has rarely been tested experimentally. In this research, we attempted to determine how visual context affects BE, as a function of scene exposure duration (long, short). To induce knowledge about visual context, the memorization phase of the camera distance paradigm was preceded by a preexposure phase, during which each of the to-be-memorized scenes was presented in a larger spatial framework. In an initial experiment, we examined the effect of contextual knowledge with presentation duration, allowing for in-depth processing of visual information during encoding (i.e., 15 s). The results indicated that participants exposed to the preexposure showed decreased BE, and displayed no directional memory error in some conditions. Because the effect of context is known to occur at an early stage of scene perception, in a second experiment we sought to determine whether the effect of a preview occurs during the first fixation on a visual scene. The results indicated that BE seems not to be modulated by this factor at very brief presentation durations. These results are discussed in light of current visual scene representation theories.

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Psychology

Dates and versions

hal-03285087 , version 1 (13-07-2021)

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Emmanuelle Ménétrier, André Didierjean, Valérie Barbe. Effect of contextual knowledge on spatial layout extrapolation. Atten Percept Psychophys, 2018, 80 (8), pp.1932-1945. ⟨10.3758/s13414-018-1569-9⟩. ⟨hal-03285087⟩
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