Can local vibration alter the contribution of persistent inward currents to human motoneuron firing ? - Nantes Université Access content directly
Journal Articles The Journal of Physiology Year : 2023

Can local vibration alter the contribution of persistent inward currents to human motoneuron firing ?

Abstract

The response of spinal motoneurons to synaptic input greatly depends on the activation of persistent inward currents (PICs), which in turn are enhanced by the neuromodulators serotonin and noradrenaline. Local vibration (LV) induces excitatory Ia input onto motoneurons and may alter neuromodulatory inputs. Therefore, we investigated whether LV influences the contribution of PICs to motoneuron firing. This was assessed in voluntary contractions with concurrent, ongoing LV, as well as after a bout of prolonged LV. High-density surface electromyograms (HD-EMG) of the tibialis anterior were recorded with a 64-electrode matrix. Twenty males performed isometric, triangular, dorsiflexion contractions to 20% and 50% of maximal torque at baseline, during LV of the tibialis anterior muscle, and after 30-min of LV. HD-EMG signals were decomposed, and motor units tracked across time points to estimate PICs through a paired motor unit analysis, which quantifies motor unit recruitment–derecruitment hysteresis (ΔF). During ongoing LV, ΔF was lower for both 20% and 50% ramps. Although significant changes in ΔF were not observed after prolonged LV, a differential effect across the motoneuron pool was observed. This study demonstrates that PICs can be non-pharmacologically modulated by LV. Given that LV leads to reflexive motor unit activation, it is postulated that lower PIC contribution to motoneuron firing during ongoing LV results from decreased neuromodulatory inputs associated with lower descending corticospinal drive. A differential effect in motoneurons of different recruitment thresholds after prolonged LV is provocative, challenging the interpretation of previous observations and motivating future investigations.
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hal-04080242 , version 1 (24-04-2023)
hal-04080242 , version 2 (30-08-2023)

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T. Lapole, R. Mesquita, S. Baudry, Robin Souron, C. Brownstein, et al.. Can local vibration alter the contribution of persistent inward currents to human motoneuron firing ?. The Journal of Physiology, 2023, 601 (8), pp.1467-1482. ⟨10.1113/jp284210⟩. ⟨hal-04080242v2⟩
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